I find it interesting that most companies choose their supply chain planning vendor based on how nice it looks but pay very little attention as to how good the quality of plans are. Not all planning systems are created equal.
Planning and Execution
Having S&OP and S&OE as two separate systems does not make sense, it is redundant and costly. Having two systems implies two disjoint systems that do not understand each other’s data model.
Why, because S&OE has a more accurate model of the world & can figure out all the alternatives and make a quick and optimal decision that can be followed.
Robots are known to perform repetitive jobs that can be pre-programmed. However, AI/ML involves decisions and reasoning, i.e. intelligence.
The traditional concepts of sole focus on inventory levels, lower cost of operations and shorter lead times are not necessarily the top design choices. Supply chain resiliency is.